The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) helps protect workers by creating safety and usage standards for most industries. In 2018, ANSI released updated ANSI aerial lift standards for safety and training. These can be found in the ANSI A92.22 Safe Use and A92.24 Training Standards. Employers have until December 2019 to comply with the new standards.
ANSI A92 will bring the worldwide aerial lift industry closer to a global standard. It covers two main areas. One is the design of new aerial lift equipment. The other covers updated ANSI aerial lift training requirements. These new standards apply to:
- Aerial lift owners
- Companies that make aerial lifts
- Aerial lift dealers
- Lift workers
- Lift managers and supervisors
ANSI Aerial Lift Standards: New Classifications
One of the first changes resulting from ANSI A92 is the name of the equipment. Aerial lifts will now be referred to as Mobile Elevating Work Platforms, or MEWPs. All MEWPs will be placed in one of two groups. These are called Group A and Group B.
In Group A MEWPS, the center of the work platform does not extend beyond the edge of the chassis at any time. Scissor lifts are one example of this type. In Group B MEWPS, the center of the work platform can extend beyond the chassis. These mostly refer to boom lifts.
The new ANSI aerial lift standards also state that there can be three types of MEWPS within each group. These include:
- MEWPs that can travel only in the stowed position. These must be moved manually.
- MEWPs that are controlled from the chassis. These can be driven while the platform is in the air.
- MEWPs that have controls on the work platform. These can also be driven while the platform is in the air.
Here are a few examples of the different types of MEWPs:
- Toyota JLG 12SP. This push-around stock picker is a Group A, Type 1 MEWP. The platform never extends beyond the chassis. The lift can only be moved with the platform retracted.
- Toyota AICHI Scissor Lift SV2632E. This Group A Type 3 MEWP falls under the new ANSI Scissor Lift Standards. The platform never extends beyond the equipment tipping line. Travel can be controlled from the platform.
- Toyota M450AJ Articulating Boom Lift. The platform in this Group B, Type 3 MEWP extends beyond the wheel. The lift can be moved while the platform is in the air.
New ANSI Aerial Lift Standards: Equipment Changes
ANSI A92 will require new aerial lifts to be equipped with two types of sensors. One sounds an alarm and prevents the machine from operating when the load exceeds safety limits. The other is a tilt sensor. that triggers an alarm when the slope level gets too steep. It also prevents movement of the chassis or work platform.
Other equipment changes include:
- MEWPs can no longer use chains to close off an entrance to the work platform. Instead, they must use gates that include toe guards.
- MEWPs used for outdoor work must have wind speed sensors. This will allow workers to reduce workloads in high winds.
- MEWP platform railings must be at least 43.5 inches in height. The old standard was 39 inches.
- MEWPs used on rough terrain must be fitted with solid or foam-filled tires. This will help make the MEWP more stable while on the job.
New ANSI Aerial Lift Standards: Safety Plans
Any business that uses MEWPs must have a written safe use plan. This plan should include:
- A detailed site risk assessment
- Rescue plans that all workers understand
- Having a trained supervisor monitor worker compliance with the new standards
- Steps for preventing unauthorized MEWP use
- Steps for protecting the safety of workers not operating the MEWP
New ANSI Scissor Lift Standards
To date, ANSI has not published any new standards related only to scissor lifts. Although different in structure and how they lift, scissor lifts are just another type of MEWP. All the new ANSI aerial lift standards regarding training, equipment and safety apply the same to scissor lifts as any other type of lift.
New ANSI Aerial Lift Training Requirements
ANSI A92 also sets new training standards. All personnel who supervise MEWP workers must be trained in these areas:
- Selecting the right MEWP for the work to be performed
- Knowing the safe MEWP operation rules and standards for the type of work being performed
- Knowing the potential hazards related to the use of MEWPs
- Knowing how to protect against those hazards
- Making sure the operating manual is stored in a protected place on the MEWP
Lift workers will also have to provide basic training to others working on the platform with them. Maintenance workers must be trained to repair and maintain MEWPs to factory and ANSI standards.
Other new training requirements include:
- Having a site-specific rescue plan. This written plan should detail how to get workers down if the lift stops working while in the air.
- Before starting a job, workers must have knowledge of any MEWP they haven’t used before. This includes reading the operator manual.
- Other workers must know how to get down from the lift if something happens to the operator.
- Every site must have at least one person who can operate the equipment from the ground if the crew can’t lower themselves.
Maintenance workers must be trained on all new features, such as the tilt and load sensors.
Don’t Put Off Updating Your Training and Certification
ANSI standards are voluntary. Yet, not following them could violate OSHA’s “General Duty” clause. This clause requires employers to keep the workplace free from recognized hazards. As of 2018, fines for these types of violations can range from $12,934 to $129,336.
Of course, worker safety is always the highest priority. That’s where MEWP training and certification is so important. These days, you can get fast, affordable online training with CertifyMeOnline.net. You can also get training on specific types of MEWPs, such as cherry pickers or scissor lifts.
The deadline for the new ANSI standards is December 2019. So why wait to meet the updated ANSI aerial lift training requirements? Visit CertifyMeOnline.net today for the aerial lift training your workers need.